MARKET INTELLIGENCE & DATA INSIGHTS

Chemical Business Focus
A monthly roundup & analysis of the key factors shaping world chemical markets
Green-right-arrow
Global Chemical Data
Comprehensive, on-line data & statistics. History, forecasts & analysis
Green-right-arrow
Chem-Netfacts
Chemical market insight - on a single page
Green-right-arrow
Chem-Foresight
Price projections - set in crude oil price scenarios
Green-right-arrow

CONSULTING SERVICES

Specialist and Strategic Advisory Services

HIGHLIGHT OFFER

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetueradipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibheuismod tincidunt ut laoreet doloremagna aliquam erat

Main Menu

Chemical Portfolio

CHLOR-ALKALI & DERIVATIVES

Image Courtesy of Olin

You produce and consume chlor-alkali & derivatives; we provide the business intelligence you need to do so effectively and profitably.

Tecnon OrbiChem can help senior management level personnel, including procurement managers and business segment managers make timely, well-informed decisions based on reliable and accurate data and analysis of key factors shaping the chlor-alkali & derivatives markets on a monthly basis.

Tecnon OrbiChem provides detailed and comprehensive coverage of markets, prices, developments and trends for the chlor-alkali & derivatives industries including key derivative products. The reports also include informative tables and charts highlighting key trade statistics, regional price comparisons, and production/consumption trends.

How clients benefit from our Chlor-Alkali & Derivatives data services

Business Operations

plus-icon-green minus-icon-green
  • Tracks information on plant operations within the global chlor-alkali & derivatives business
  • Provides data on future production plants and capacity changes
  • Follows import/export trends and trade data for all regions

Product Information

plus-icon-green minus-icon-green
  • Provides market information on global chlor-alkali & derivatives industry, including major downstream derivatives
  • Tracks and assesses market pricing in key locations
  • Provides analysis of market activity throughout the value chain
  • Up-to-date information regarding supply/demand featuring country, regional and global views

Market Trends

plus-icon-green minus-icon-green
  • Features updates of industry-related news and economic trends
  • Highlights regulatory or legislative actions worldwide that could affect product development
  • Informative charts and graphics detail data ranging from regional price comparisons to supply/demand balances

The data, analytics and insight we provide

  • Chemical-Business-FocusChemical Business Focus
  • chem-NetfactsChem-Netfacts
  • price-forecastsChem-Foresight
  • Global-Chemical-DataGlobal Chemical Data
  • ConsultingConsulting
Chemical Business Focus
Market Analysis
Chemical Business Focus
Prices
Chemical Business Focus
Trade Tables
Chemical Business Focus
Plant & Project Reviews
Chem-Netfacts
Single Page Market Summaries
Chem-Foresight
Price Forecasts
Global Chemical Data
Supply/Demand
Consulting
Single Client Projects
red-down-arrowCaustic Soda Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is co-produced with chlorine by the electrolysis of sodium chloride, in the ratio of 1.1 tons of caustic soda for every 1.0 ton of chlorine. It has a wide range of consuming industries, including pulp & paper, textiles, soaps & detergents and bleach, where it is often used as a source of alkalinity. Another important consumer is the alumina industry that often attracts most attention due to its importance to global trade. Caustic soda can be sold in anhydrous form including pellets and flakes but the majority is sold as a 50% aqueous solution.

red-down-arrowChlorine Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

The majority of chlorine is co-produced with caustic soda by the electrolysis of sodium chloride. Some processes allow the production of chlorine without the caustic soda and in some cases potassium hydroxide is the co-product. Chlorine is used in the production of many organic and inorganic derivatives although is often used only as a reactant and is not normally present in the final products. Large volumes of chlorine are consumed in the production of EDC, the pre-cursor for VCM used to make PVC.

red-down-arrowHydrochloric Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is available in both anhydrous (hydrogen chloride) and aqueous forms (also called muriatic acid). It is a by-product of many chemical processes involving chlorine. Hydrogen chloride can also be made deliberately by the reaction of chloride salts with sulphuric acid (Mannheim process), or through the reaction of hydrogen with chlorine at high temperature (chlorine burners). The latter is often called synthesis or burner HCl and being of high purity, can be used in food and electronics applications. The main markets for by-product hydrochloric acid include the oil and steel industries, while anhydrous HCl is used in chemical synthesis, for example to make dichloroethane. Since the generation of by-product HCl may well exceed future demand, there is growing interest in processes that can convert HCl back to chlorine.

red-down-arrowMDI Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

MDI or methylene diphenyl diisocyanate is an important raw material for polyurethanes. MDI undergoes a series of complex manufacturing stages. The process starts with benzene and nitric acid, and via aniline and formaldehyde reactions is also subsequently phosgenated to the final mix of isomers, which are distilled to the desired series of end-products. MDI is used in polyurethane chemistry by reaction with polyols, to produce a wide range of flexible and rigid foams, and elastomers, adhesives and coatings.

red-down-arrowTDI Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

TDI or toluene diisocyanate is a key raw material for polyurethane applications. The starting point for TDI is toluene and nitric acid, which thereafter undergo phosgenation reactions as well as distillation to arrive at the final range of TDI isomers. TDI is used in polyurethane chemistry by reaction with polyols, to produce a wide range of applications. TDI is produced in different grades, either for slab polyurethane foam which makes up the major end use sector, or for coatings adhesives sealants and elastomers applications. Flexible foam is largely used in mattress and furniture production.

red-down-arrowPropylene Oxide Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Propylene oxide (PO) is a chemical intermediate produced from propylene. Traditionally two methods involving hydrochlorination and the other involving oxidation were employed. PO can be produced with styrene monomer as a coproduct (POSM process). More recently, a new process known as HPPO in which propylene is oxidized with hydrogen peroxide was introduced commercially. The main end use is in the manufacture of polyether polyols which are used in conjunction with isocyanates to produce polyurethanes. The second major use is in the production of propylene glycols. Other uses include the production of glycol ethers and ,in some cases, butanediol.

red-down-arrowEpichlorohydrin Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Epichlorohydrin (ECH) is a chlor-epoxide that is essentially based on the reaction of chlorine with propylene through a number of reaction steps: it may be regarded as being similar to propylene oxide with the addition of a reactive chlorine site. The two routes to ECH are via allyl chloride and allyl alcohol: allyl chloride is by far the main route. ECH is used mainly (70%) in the production of epoxy resins and also in the manufacture of synthetic glycerine and cationic polymers and starches.

red-down-arrowEthylene Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Ethylene is one of the major chemical building blocks and the largest of the olefins (by sales volume). Its main use is as the monomer for various forms of polyethylene. Ethylene is produced by steam cracking, predominantly of naphtha in Europe and Asia, and of ethane in North America and the Middle East. Co-products are propylene and a C4 stream containing butadiene. Ethylene is also used to produce vinyl acetate and as a co-monomer in other types of resin. Although propylene is growing in importance, the demands of the ethylene market still mainly drive the operation of steam crackers.

red-down-arrowEDC Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

EDC is the primary intermediate feedstock in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). EDC is in turn made from ethylene and chlorine. The use of EDC in the manufacture of PVC covers most of world production: the remainder uses a route via acetylene and is only used in China. The majority of EDC is used for PVC manufacture.

red-down-arrowVCM Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

VCM is an intermediate feedstock in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It is usually made by cracking ethylene dichloride (EDC) itself made from ethylene and chlorine. However, in China most VCM is from acetylene (via calcium carbide), particularly in the remote northern and western provinces.

red-down-arrowPVC Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

A thermoplastic ultimately derived from ethylene and chlorine via the intermediates ethylene dichloride (EDC) and vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Uses are split in two types: “Rigids” which contain no plasticisers and “Flexibles” which do. The largest single use is for a wide variety of PVC pipes for sewage, drainage, potable water etc.

red-down-arrowCarbon Tetrachloride Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Carbon tetrachloride (CTC), more correctly called tetrachloromethane, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4. It was formerly widely used in fire extinguishers and as a cleaning agent, but such uses, which allow evaporation into the atmosphere, have been banned under the Montreal Protocol. Also the use of carbon tetrachloride to produce the chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants R-11 (trichlorofluoromethane) and R-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane) has been phased out, since these refrigerants play a role in ozone depletion. As a result of this phase out, many CTC plants had to shut down, but some consumption and production continued, because use of CTC to make chemical derivatives (so called non-controlled uses) is allowed. Some hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) use CTC in their manufacture, but today a number of HFCs are considered to have an unacceptably high Global Warming Potential (GWP). The Kigali Amendment in November 2017 modified the Montreal Protocol by adding HFCs to the list of regulated substances. Starting in 2019, some HFCs, such as HFC245fa and HFC410A, must be phased out over time. The most likely safe and economic substitutes will by hydrofluoro-olefins (HFOs), which are well inside the GWP threshold. Some of them require CTC as feedstock, so a resurgence in its use is likely.

red-down-arrowChlorobenzene Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Chlorobenzenes represent a family of products based on the reaction of benzene with chlorine. They are mainly used as chemical intermediates in the production of advanced polymers, in the manufacture of agrochemicals, and via nitrochlorobenzenes in the production of dyestuffs and pigments.

red-down-arrowChloroethanes Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

The chloroethanes group of products includes trichloroethylene (solvent and intermediate), perchloroethylene (solvent and intermediate), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (intermediate), ethyl chloride (intermediate), and vinylidene chloride (VDC) (intermediate). They are generally based on the reaction of chlorine or hydrochloric acid with hydrocarbons or chlorocarbons in the range C1-C3 and have complex production economics based on the feedstocks used. The intermediate uses for trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane are in fluorocarbons. Ethyl chloride is used mainly in tetraethyl lead and ethyl cellulose. VDC’s main use is to make the polymer polyvinylidene chloride but it is also used in fluorocarbons and to make 1,1,1-trichloroethane.

red-down-arrowChloromethanes Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Chloromethanes is a collective name for the four products that arise from the reaction of chlorine with methane or methanol. These are methyl chloride; methylene chloride; chloroform; and carbon tetrachloride. Methyl chloride is a gas that is largely produced on site as a feedstock by its main consumers in the silicones industry and for chlorination to the other chloromethanes. The main commercially traded products are methylene chloride, which is primarily used as a solvent in industries such as pharmaceuticals, surface cleaning, and chemical processing; and chloroform, which is mainly used as a chemical intermediate to produce fluorochemicals. Carbon tetrachloride is not allowed for use as a solvent but has applications as a chemical intermediate for fluorocarbons and agrochemicals.

red-down-arrowMonochloroacetic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Monochloroacetic acid is a chemical intermediate largely produced from acetic acid and chlorine although there are other routes. Its main uses are in the manufacture of carboxy methylcellulose, of a number of agrochemicals including glyphosate, of mild surfactants, of polymer stabilisers and various other applications.

red-down-arrowSuccinic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowFatty Acids Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowAzelaic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowSebacic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowFatty Alcohols Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowGlycerol Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowLactic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

red-down-arrowPolylactic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

Caustic Soda
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is co-produced with chlorine by the electrolysis of sodium chloride, in the ratio of 1.1 tons of caustic soda for every 1.0 ton of chlorine. It has a wide range of consuming industries, including pulp & paper, textiles, soaps & detergents and bleach, where it is often used as a source of alkalinity. Another important consumer is the alumina industry that often attracts most attention due to its importance to global trade. Caustic soda can be sold in anhydrous form including pellets and flakes but the majority is sold as a 50% aqueous solution.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Chlorine
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

The majority of chlorine is co-produced with caustic soda by the electrolysis of sodium chloride. Some processes allow the production of chlorine without the caustic soda and in some cases potassium hydroxide is the co-product. Chlorine is used in the production of many organic and inorganic derivatives although is often used only as a reactant and is not normally present in the final products. Large volumes of chlorine are consumed in the production of EDC, the pre-cursor for VCM used to make PVC.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Hydrochloric Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is available in both anhydrous (hydrogen chloride) and aqueous forms (also called muriatic acid). It is a by-product of many chemical processes involving chlorine. Hydrogen chloride can also be made deliberately by the reaction of chloride salts with sulphuric acid (Mannheim process), or through the reaction of hydrogen with chlorine at high temperature (chlorine burners). The latter is often called synthesis or burner HCl and being of high purity, can be used in food and electronics applications. The main markets for by-product hydrochloric acid include the oil and steel industries, while anhydrous HCl is used in chemical synthesis, for example to make dichloroethane. Since the generation of by-product HCl may well exceed future demand, there is growing interest in processes that can convert HCl back to chlorine.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

MDI
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

MDI or methylene diphenyl diisocyanate is an important raw material for polyurethanes. MDI undergoes a series of complex manufacturing stages. The process starts with benzene and nitric acid, and via aniline and formaldehyde reactions is also subsequently phosgenated to the final mix of isomers, which are distilled to the desired series of end-products. MDI is used in polyurethane chemistry by reaction with polyols, to produce a wide range of flexible and rigid foams, and elastomers, adhesives and coatings.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

TDI
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

TDI or toluene diisocyanate is a key raw material for polyurethane applications. The starting point for TDI is toluene and nitric acid, which thereafter undergo phosgenation reactions as well as distillation to arrive at the final range of TDI isomers. TDI is used in polyurethane chemistry by reaction with polyols, to produce a wide range of applications. TDI is produced in different grades, either for slab polyurethane foam which makes up the major end use sector, or for coatings adhesives sealants and elastomers applications. Flexible foam is largely used in mattress and furniture production.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Propylene Oxide
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Propylene oxide (PO) is a chemical intermediate produced from propylene. Traditionally two methods involving hydrochlorination and the other involving oxidation were employed. PO can be produced with styrene monomer as a coproduct (POSM process). More recently, a new process known as HPPO in which propylene is oxidized with hydrogen peroxide was introduced commercially. The main end use is in the manufacture of polyether polyols which are used in conjunction with isocyanates to produce polyurethanes. The second major use is in the production of propylene glycols. Other uses include the production of glycol ethers and ,in some cases, butanediol.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Epichlorohydrin
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Epichlorohydrin (ECH) is a chlor-epoxide that is essentially based on the reaction of chlorine with propylene through a number of reaction steps: it may be regarded as being similar to propylene oxide with the addition of a reactive chlorine site. The two routes to ECH are via allyl chloride and allyl alcohol: allyl chloride is by far the main route. ECH is used mainly (70%) in the production of epoxy resins and also in the manufacture of synthetic glycerine and cationic polymers and starches.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Ethylene
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Ethylene is one of the major chemical building blocks and the largest of the olefins (by sales volume). Its main use is as the monomer for various forms of polyethylene. Ethylene is produced by steam cracking, predominantly of naphtha in Europe and Asia, and of ethane in North America and the Middle East. Co-products are propylene and a C4 stream containing butadiene. Ethylene is also used to produce vinyl acetate and as a co-monomer in other types of resin. Although propylene is growing in importance, the demands of the ethylene market still mainly drive the operation of steam crackers.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

EDC
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

EDC is the primary intermediate feedstock in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). EDC is in turn made from ethylene and chlorine. The use of EDC in the manufacture of PVC covers most of world production: the remainder uses a route via acetylene and is only used in China. The majority of EDC is used for PVC manufacture.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

VCM
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

VCM is an intermediate feedstock in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It is usually made by cracking ethylene dichloride (EDC) itself made from ethylene and chlorine. However, in China most VCM is from acetylene (via calcium carbide), particularly in the remote northern and western provinces.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

PVC
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

A thermoplastic ultimately derived from ethylene and chlorine via the intermediates ethylene dichloride (EDC) and vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Uses are split in two types: “Rigids” which contain no plasticisers and “Flexibles” which do. The largest single use is for a wide variety of PVC pipes for sewage, drainage, potable water etc.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Carbon Tetrachloride
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Carbon tetrachloride (CTC), more correctly called tetrachloromethane, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4. It was formerly widely used in fire extinguishers and as a cleaning agent, but such uses, which allow evaporation into the atmosphere, have been banned under the Montreal Protocol. Also the use of carbon tetrachloride to produce the chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants R-11 (trichlorofluoromethane) and R-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane) has been phased out, since these refrigerants play a role in ozone depletion. As a result of this phase out, many CTC plants had to shut down, but some consumption and production continued, because use of CTC to make chemical derivatives (so called non-controlled uses) is allowed. Some hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) use CTC in their manufacture, but today a number of HFCs are considered to have an unacceptably high Global Warming Potential (GWP). The Kigali Amendment in November 2017 modified the Montreal Protocol by adding HFCs to the list of regulated substances. Starting in 2019, some HFCs, such as HFC245fa and HFC410A, must be phased out over time. The most likely safe and economic substitutes will by hydrofluoro-olefins (HFOs), which are well inside the GWP threshold. Some of them require CTC as feedstock, so a resurgence in its use is likely.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Chlorobenzene
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Chlorobenzenes represent a family of products based on the reaction of benzene with chlorine. They are mainly used as chemical intermediates in the production of advanced polymers, in the manufacture of agrochemicals, and via nitrochlorobenzenes in the production of dyestuffs and pigments.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Chloroethanes
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

The chloroethanes group of products includes trichloroethylene (solvent and intermediate), perchloroethylene (solvent and intermediate), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (intermediate), ethyl chloride (intermediate), and vinylidene chloride (VDC) (intermediate). They are generally based on the reaction of chlorine or hydrochloric acid with hydrocarbons or chlorocarbons in the range C1-C3 and have complex production economics based on the feedstocks used. The intermediate uses for trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane are in fluorocarbons. Ethyl chloride is used mainly in tetraethyl lead and ethyl cellulose. VDC’s main use is to make the polymer polyvinylidene chloride but it is also used in fluorocarbons and to make 1,1,1-trichloroethane.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Chloromethanes
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Chloromethanes is a collective name for the four products that arise from the reaction of chlorine with methane or methanol. These are methyl chloride; methylene chloride; chloroform; and carbon tetrachloride. Methyl chloride is a gas that is largely produced on site as a feedstock by its main consumers in the silicones industry and for chlorination to the other chloromethanes. The main commercially traded products are methylene chloride, which is primarily used as a solvent in industries such as pharmaceuticals, surface cleaning, and chemical processing; and chloroform, which is mainly used as a chemical intermediate to produce fluorochemicals. Carbon tetrachloride is not allowed for use as a solvent but has applications as a chemical intermediate for fluorocarbons and agrochemicals.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Monochloroacetic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Monochloroacetic acid is a chemical intermediate largely produced from acetic acid and chlorine although there are other routes. Its main uses are in the manufacture of carboxy methylcellulose, of a number of agrochemicals including glyphosate, of mild surfactants, of polymer stabilisers and various other applications.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Succinic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Fatty Acids
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Azelaic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Sebacic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Fatty Alcohols
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Glycerol
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Lactic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Polylactic Acid
orange-plus-icon orange-minus-icon

Acetic acid is a key chemical intermediate used in a wide spectrum of sectors including the production of paints, adhesives, plastics, synthetic fibres and pharmaceuticals. Acetic acid production is based primarily on the carbonylation of methanol, which is now preferred over historical feedstock such as ethanol, acetaldehyde and ethylene. Global acetic acid demand growth generally follows in line with GDP growth due to its use as a chemical intermediate and in consumer products. More than one-third of acetic acid globally is consumed in the production of vinyl acetate monomer, and other key derivatives include purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

OFFERING EXCEPTIONAL CAPABILITIES

Tecnon OrbiChem’s business information services offer a full range of reports featuring analysis, price data, and price forecasts for chlor-alkali & derivatives, key downstream derivatives and important feedstock markets.

Regular updates of economic news and industry events that shape market trends, plus price histories and reports charting future capacity changes, provide senior executives and company managers a full view of market activity and add proper perspective to the industry.

About Chlor-Alkali

Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is co-produced with chlorine by the electrolysis of sodium chloride in the ratio of 1.1 tons of caustic soda for every 1.0 ton of chlorine. Caustic soda is used in a wide range of industries, including pulp & paper, textiles, soaps & detergents and bleach, where it is often used as a source of alkalinity. Another important consumer is the alumina industry. Chlorine is used in the production of many organic and inorganic derivatives. Its largest application is the production of EDC, the precursor for VCM which in turn is used to make PVC. Other applications include polycarbonate, isocyanates and epichlorohydrin.

chlor-alk-IMG

Image Courtesy of Olin

Interested in learning more about our our solutions?

SOLUTIONS FOR

CHLOR-ALKALI & DERIVATIVES

MARKET INTELLIGENCE, DATA & INSIGHTS

Because your business has unique strategic needs

cbf-icon-green

CHEMICAL BUSINESS FOCUS

cbf-icon-white

CHEMICAL BUSINESS FOCUS

A Monthly Roundup & Analysis of The Key Factors Shaping World Chemical Markets

  • Market Analysis
  • Price Data
  • Trade Tables
  • Plant & Project Reviews
gcd-icon-green

Global Chemical Data (Supply / Demand)

gcd-icon-white

Global Chemical Data (Supply / Demand)

Comprehensive, On-Line Data & Statistics. History, Forecasts & Analysis

  • Supply, Demand & Trade
  • Companies & Plants
cn-icon-green

CHEM-NETFACTS

cn-icon-white

CHEM-NETFACTS

A concise summary of the month’s activity and an assessment of short-term price trends in individual chemical markets.

cf-icon-green

Chem-Foresight

cf-icon-white

Chem-Foresight

Short-term price forecasts for individual chemicals set in crude oil scenarios looking forward 18 months.

cbf-icon-white

CHEMICAL BUSINESS FOCUS

A Monthly Roundup & Analysis of The Key Factors Shaping World Chemical Markets

  • Market Analysis
  • Price Data
  • Trade Tables
  • Plant & Project Reviews
gcd-icon-white

Global Chemical Data (Supply / Demand)

Comprehensive, On-Line Data & Statistics. History, Forecasts & Analysis

  • Supply, Demand & Trade
  • Companies & Plants
cn-icon-white

CHEM-NETFACTS

A concise summary of the month’s activity and an assessment of short-term price trends in individual chemical markets.

cf-icon-white

Chem-Foresight

Short-term price forecasts for individual chemicals set in crude oil scenarios looking forward 18 months.

CONSULTING SERVICES

For Chlor-Alkali & Derivatives Producers, Consumers and Investors

These industries operate in a globally competitive environment and need access to intelligence and advice of the highest standards of business.

OUR Chlor-Alkali & Derivatives EXPERTS

Business Manager

Senior Consultant

Consultant

ARTICLES & INSIGHTS

Explore our articles, written by experts in the petrochemical industry

Interested in unique market insights, business perspectives, and chemical industry trends? Our extensive blog is a trusted source of data and related information throughout the global chemicals supply chain.

VIEW ALL
Tecnon OrbiChem Launches New Enhanced Website
Can China’s Engineering Thermoplastics Markets Maintain Steady Recovery from Worst of Covid-19 Downturn?
Supply for Plasticisers in Europe Remains Snug but There are Challenges Ahead
VIEW ALL

TALK WITH AN EXPERT

Interested in our market intelligence solutions?