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POLYAMIDE & INTERMEDIATES

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You produce and consume polyamide and intermediates; we provide the business intelligence you need to do so effectively and profitably.

Tecnon OrbiChem can help senior management level personnel, including procurement managers and business segment managers, make timely, well-informed decisions based on widely referenced, reliable and accurate data and analysis of key factors shaping the polyamide and intermediates markets on a monthly basis.

Tecnon OrbiChem provides detailed and comprehensive coverage of markets, prices, developments and trends for the global polyamide and intermediates industry, providing a detailed view of the value chains for both PA 6 and PA 66. The reports also include informative tables and charts highlighting key trade statistics, regional price comparisons, and production/consumption trends.

How clients benefit from our Polyamide & Intermediates data services

Business Operations

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  • Tracks information on plant operations within the global polyamide business
  • Provides data on future production plants and capacity changes
  • Follows import/export trends and trade data for all regions

Product Information

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  • Provides market information on the global polyamide industry, including major upstream raw materials and feedstock markets
  • Tracks and assesses market pricing in key locations
  • Provides analysis of market activity throughout the value chain
  • Up-to-date information regarding supply/demand featuring country, regional and global views

Market Trends

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  • Features updates of industry-related news and economic trends
  • Highlights regulatory or legislative actions worldwide that could affect product development
  • Informative charts and graphics detail data ranging from regional price comparisons to supply/demand balances

The data, analytics and insights we provide

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red-down-arrowBenzene Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Benzene is consumed primarily in the production of ethylbenzene and styrene monomer, cumene and phenol, cyclohexane, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, alkylbenzene and maleic anhydride as well as a chemical intermediate. Benzene can be sourced from reformate, pyrolisis gasoline, toluene disproportionation and the hydrodealkalation of toluene.

red-down-arrowPhenol Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Phenol is primarily produced from cumene, although it can also be made from benzoic acid or chlorobenzene. Phenol’s main uses are in the manufacture of phenolic resins, for plywood and moulding powders, and in bisphenol A (BPA) an intermediate for the manufacture of epoxy and polycarbonate resins. Phenol can also be used to produce caprolactam.

red-down-arrowAmmonia Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Ammonia's major use is as a nitrogen source in fertilisers which account for over 80% of ammonia consumption. Synthetic ammonia is also used in the production of caprolactam, HMDA, acrylonitrile, isocyanates and explosives.

red-down-arrowAmmonium Sulphate Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Ammonium sulphate is a low quality fertiliser with low nitrogen content and is slightly acidic, so it is mainly used on alkaline soils to balance the pH. Although it can be made from ammonia and sulphuric acid, the majority of production is as a by-product of chemical process. The manufacture of caprolactam, acrylonitrile and MMA results also in production of ammonium sulphate, which is an unwanted by-product, which is passed to fertiliser companies to sell, either alone or in combination with nutrients containing potassium and phosphorus.

red-down-arrowCyclohexane Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Cyclohexane is made by the hydrogenation of benzene. Its main use is to produce KA Oil, which is a mixture of cyclohexanone (a Ketone) and cyclohexanol (an Alcohol). KA Oil is mostly converted to 100% cyclohexanone, which is used mainly as the raw material to make caprolactam, but is also used as a solvent. Some KA Oil is used directly to make adipic acid by oxidation with nitric acid. There are also some uses of cyclohexane as a solvent.

red-down-arrowAdipic Acid Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Adipic acid is a chemical intermediate used in the production of nylon 66 resin and nylon 66 fibre or in polyol and polyurethane production. By far the largest demand is in nylon 66 production for both fibre and resin, whilst the remainder is consumed in non-nylon applications including polyurethanes. It is produced by oxidising cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone, generally with a catalyst, and then the products are reacted with nitric acid to form adipic acid.

red-down-arrowHMDA Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

HMDA's main use is as the raw material, together with adipic acid, to make polyamide 66, the original nylon. The other main use is the starting material to make hexamethylene diisocyanate. There are various other small volume uses. HMDA is made by hydrogenation of adiponitrile.

red-down-arrowAH Salt Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

AH salt is produced when adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine, each dissolved in water, are mixed together in the right proportions. The salt, hexamethylene adipate, is formed, and is often called AH Salt, in aqueous solution. The AH Salt polymerises to nylon 66 when the solution is heated, which is the usual process. Sometimes the AH Salt is isolated as crystals by evaporating the solution. This enables it to be transported long distances at lower cost than the aqueous solution, and permits use also as a co-monomer in some special polyamides.

red-down-arrowCyclohexanone Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Cyclohexanone is the main raw material for the production of caprolactam. This is the dominant end use, which means that almost all production is in the hands of caprolactam producers. It can be made either from cyclohexane or from phenol. When it is made from cyclohexane also cyclohexanol is co-produced, from which it is separated by distillation. When phenol is the starting material, cyclohexanol is the sole product, which is then de-hyrogenated to cyclohexanone. The other main use is as a solvent, for example for wood varnishes and polyurethane systems.

red-down-arrowCaprolactam Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Caprolactam is the chemical intermediate used in the production of polyamide 6 fibres and resins. Conventional technology for caprolactam production is based on the key intermediate cyclohexanone, which is usually produced by the oxidation of cyclohexane, but it can also be made from phenol or toluene. Cyclohexanone is then reacted with hydroxylamine sulphate to produce cyclohexanone oxime and this is followed by a Beckmann rearrangement using oleum to yield caprolactam. Polyamide 6 is used in engineering resins and nylon fibres.

red-down-arrowPolyamide Fibre Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Polyamide fibre (nylon) is made from caprolactam (in the case of PA6) or AH salt (in the case of PA66) and is produced by a melt spinning process. Nylon can be extruded into a continuous filament or staple offering. Most nylon production is in the form of a filament and is used for stockings and tights, underwear, linings, sports clothing, carpets, technical textiles and tyre cord. Nylon staple production is shrinking and is mainly used for carpeting and industrial applications.

red-down-arrowPolyamide Tyre Cord Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Reinforcement for tyres constructed with the crossply system.

red-down-arrowPolyamide Resin Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chemical-Business-Focus Chem-Netfacts price-forecasts Global-Chemical-Data Consulting

Polyamide (Nylon) resins include a range of polymerisation polymers, PA6, PA11, and PA12, as well as several condensation polymers, such as PA66, PA6/10, and PA4/6. PA6 is a polymer of caprolactam. PA66 is produced by condensation polymerisation of adipic acid and HMDA. Together they account for a large majority of the engineering resin volume produced globally. PA6 is easier to injection mould, cast, or film, while PA66 has superior temperature performance and tensile strength in automotive applications and is usually more expensive.

Benzene
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Benzene is consumed primarily in the production of ethylbenzene and styrene monomer, cumene and phenol, cyclohexane, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, alkylbenzene and maleic anhydride as well as a chemical intermediate. Benzene can be sourced from reformate, pyrolisis gasoline, toluene disproportionation and the hydrodealkalation of toluene.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

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  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

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  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Phenol
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Phenol is primarily produced from cumene, although it can also be made from benzoic acid or chlorobenzene. Phenol’s main uses are in the manufacture of phenolic resins, for plywood and moulding powders, and in bisphenol A (BPA) an intermediate for the manufacture of epoxy and polycarbonate resins. Phenol can also be used to produce caprolactam.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Ammonia
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Ammonia's major use is as a nitrogen source in fertilisers which account for over 80% of ammonia consumption. Synthetic ammonia is also used in the production of caprolactam, HMDA, acrylonitrile, isocyanates and explosives.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Ammonium Sulphate
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Ammonium sulphate is a low quality fertiliser with low nitrogen content and is slightly acidic, so it is mainly used on alkaline soils to balance the pH. Although it can be made from ammonia and sulphuric acid, the majority of production is as a by-product of chemical process. The manufacture of caprolactam, acrylonitrile and MMA results also in production of ammonium sulphate, which is an unwanted by-product, which is passed to fertiliser companies to sell, either alone or in combination with nutrients containing potassium and phosphorus.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Cyclohexane
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Cyclohexane is made by the hydrogenation of benzene. Its main use is to produce KA Oil, which is a mixture of cyclohexanone (a Ketone) and cyclohexanol (an Alcohol). KA Oil is mostly converted to 100% cyclohexanone, which is used mainly as the raw material to make caprolactam, but is also used as a solvent. Some KA Oil is used directly to make adipic acid by oxidation with nitric acid. There are also some uses of cyclohexane as a solvent.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Adipic Acid
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Adipic acid is a chemical intermediate used in the production of nylon 66 resin and nylon 66 fibre or in polyol and polyurethane production. By far the largest demand is in nylon 66 production for both fibre and resin, whilst the remainder is consumed in non-nylon applications including polyurethanes. It is produced by oxidising cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone, generally with a catalyst, and then the products are reacted with nitric acid to form adipic acid.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

HMDA
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HMDA's main use is as the raw material, together with adipic acid, to make polyamide 66, the original nylon. The other main use is the starting material to make hexamethylene diisocyanate. There are various other small volume uses. HMDA is made by hydrogenation of adiponitrile.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

AH Salt
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AH salt is produced when adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine, each dissolved in water, are mixed together in the right proportions. The salt, hexamethylene adipate, is formed, and is often called AH Salt, in aqueous solution. The AH Salt polymerises to nylon 66 when the solution is heated, which is the usual process. Sometimes the AH Salt is isolated as crystals by evaporating the solution. This enables it to be transported long distances at lower cost than the aqueous solution, and permits use also as a co-monomer in some special polyamides.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Cyclohexanone
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Cyclohexanone is the main raw material for the production of caprolactam. This is the dominant end use, which means that almost all production is in the hands of caprolactam producers. It can be made either from cyclohexane or from phenol. When it is made from cyclohexane also cyclohexanol is co-produced, from which it is separated by distillation. When phenol is the starting material, cyclohexanol is the sole product, which is then de-hyrogenated to cyclohexanone. The other main use is as a solvent, for example for wood varnishes and polyurethane systems.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Prices

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Trade Tables

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Caprolactam
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Caprolactam is the chemical intermediate used in the production of polyamide 6 fibres and resins. Conventional technology for caprolactam production is based on the key intermediate cyclohexanone, which is usually produced by the oxidation of cyclohexane, but it can also be made from phenol or toluene. Cyclohexanone is then reacted with hydroxylamine sulphate to produce cyclohexanone oxime and this is followed by a Beckmann rearrangement using oleum to yield caprolactam. Polyamide 6 is used in engineering resins and nylon fibres.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

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  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

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  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Polyamide Fibre
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Polyamide fibre (nylon) is made from caprolactam (in the case of PA6) or AH salt (in the case of PA66) and is produced by a melt spinning process. Nylon can be extruded into a continuous filament or staple offering. Most nylon production is in the form of a filament and is used for stockings and tights, underwear, linings, sports clothing, carpets, technical textiles and tyre cord. Nylon staple production is shrinking and is mainly used for carpeting and industrial applications.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

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  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Polyamide Tyre Cord
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Reinforcement for tyres constructed with the crossply system.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

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  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

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  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

Polyamide Resin
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Polyamide (Nylon) resins include a range of polymerisation polymers, PA6, PA11, and PA12, as well as several condensation polymers, such as PA66, PA6/10, and PA4/6. PA6 is a polymer of caprolactam. PA66 is produced by condensation polymerisation of adipic acid and HMDA. Together they account for a large majority of the engineering resin volume produced globally. PA6 is easier to injection mould, cast, or film, while PA66 has superior temperature performance and tensile strength in automotive applications and is usually more expensive.

  • Chemical-Business-Focus Market Analysis

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  • Chemical-Business-Focus Plant & Project Reviews

  • Chem-Netfacts Single Page Market Summaries

  • price-forecasts Price Forecasts

  • Global-Chemical-Data Supply/Demand

  • Consulting Single Client Projects

OFFERING EXCEPTIONAL CAPABILITIES

Tecnon OrbiChem’s business information services offer a full range of reports featuring analysis, price data, and price forecasts for polyamide and intermediates, key downstream derivatives and important feedstock markets.

Regular updates of economic news and industry events that shape market trends, plus price histories and reports charting future capacity changes, provide senior executives and company managers a full view of market activity and add proper perspective to the industry.

About Polyamide and Intermediates

Polyamide 66, commonly known as nylon, was first introduced in ladies’ stockings in October 1939 at the New York World's Fair. Since then, applications for PA 66 have extended to include underwear, linings, sports clothing, carpets, technical textiles and tyre cord. Polyamide 6 was commercialised a few years later. Both fibres are known for versatility and properties such as wear/abrasion resistance, ease of care and durability. The term “nylon” is now synonymous with both PA 66 and PA 6.

Polyamide (nylon) resins include a range of polymerisation polymers, PA 6, PA 11, and PA 12, as well as several condensation polymers, such as PA 66, PA 6/10, and PA 4/6. PA 6 is a polymer of caprolactam. PA 66 is produced by condensation polymerisation of adipic acid and HMDA. Together they account for a large majority of the engineering resin volume produced globally. PA 6 is easier to injection mould, cast, or film, while PA 66 has superior temperature performance and tensile strength in automotive applications and is usually more expensive.

Polyamide - Courtesy of RadiciGroup - Polyamide 6 and 66 Spinning Mill with PA 6 Polymerization

Image Courtesy of RadiciGroup

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CHEMICAL BUSINESS FOCUS

A Monthly Roundup & Analysis of The Key Factors Shaping World Chemical Markets

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CHEM-FORESIGHT

Short-term price forecasts for individual chemicals set in crude oil scenarios looking forward 18 months.

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CHEMICAL BUSINESS FOCUS

A Monthly Roundup & Analysis of The Key Factors Shaping World Chemical Markets

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  • Trade Tables
  • Plant & Project Reviews
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GLOBAL CHEMICAL DATA

Comprehensive, On-Line Data & Statistics. History, Forecasts & Analysis

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CHEM-NETFACTS

A concise summary of the month’s activity and an assessment of short-term price trends in individual chemical markets.

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CHEM-FORESIGHT

Short-term price forecasts for individual chemicals set in crude oil scenarios looking forward 18 months.

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